2 August 2020

Dominique Durand

President of the International Committee Buchenwald-Dora and Commands

Statement on the occasion of the European Holocaust Memorial Day for Sinti and Roma 2020

On this day of remembrance of the Roma and Sinti victims of Nazi barbarism, it is unfortunately necessary to underline the important place occupied by the Buchenwald concentration camp and its external camps in this genocide. More than 3,500 of them were interned there as early as June 1938 and later others deported from countries occupied by Nazi Germany joined them.

Today, a monument commemorates their memory on the site of Block 13.

These men and women often served as test subjects for the Eugenics Research Service, and later for human experimentation in the search for vaccines against exanthematic typhus. I am thinking at the moment of the young musician Otto SCHMIDT, interned in 1938 and died in 1942. He was 22 years old.

Few survived. When they didn’t die from beatings or medical experiments, they were sent to Auschwitz or to euthanasia centres.

I’m thinking of Sinto Stephan PETERMANN, murdered in 1941 in Sonnenstein.

This year, despite the difficulties caused by the Covid 19 pandemic, we particularly remembered Willi BLUM, Ewald HANSTEIN and Franz ROSENBACH.
I also wish to recall the memory of Antoine LAGRENÉ, who was deported from Belgium to Auschwitz and, because he was young and strong, was put on a convoy to Buchenwald on the eve of the massacre of the family camp, which we commemorate today.

To commemorate is not to forget.

We must refuse to forget life, martyrdom, the fighting of the ROMA and SINTI.
Their memories must be present in order to be aware that we must get rid of all the reflexes of exclusion from the human community. Racism, social prejudices, culture deviated from national or cultural differences, are poisons.

Humanity is one, although it is constructed like a puzzle, no piece of which is identical.
The Roma and the Sinti are a piece of this puzzle, without which humanity is not complete.

In April 1945, the inmates of Buchenwald made a commitment to build a world of peace and freedom, a puzzle from which none of the pieces would be excluded.

This commitment is our legacy. To continue and to maintain, to encourage even the reflexes of exclusion of a part of our community, even if it is a minority, cannot satisfy the hope brought to Buchenwald by the victims of Nazism.

Today, 76 years after the massacre we are commemorating today, let us work together to reject its causes, to denounce those who, in Europe and elsewhere, maintain them and continue to give them dangerous topicality.

Statements

Romani Rose

Chairman of the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma

Erich Schneeberger

Deputy Chairman of the Documentation and Cultural Center of German Sinti and Roma and Chairman of the Association of German Sinti and Roma

Timea Junghaus

Executive Director
European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture (ERIAC)

Adam Strauß

Chairman of the Council of German Sinti and Roma in Hesse

Marian Kalwary

Chairman of the Association of Jews,
Survivors and Victims of the Second World War

Piotr Gliński

First Deputy Prime Minister and the Minister of Culture and National Heritage of Poland

Romani Rose

Chairman of the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma

Kamil Majchrzak

Vice-President of the International Committee Buchenwald Dora and Kommandos (ICBD) and Member to the Delegation of the Polish Association of Former Political Prisoners of Nazi Prisons and Concentration Camps
(PZBWPHWiOK)

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