European Holocaust Memorial Day for Sinti and Roma

On 2 August, we commemorate the last 4,300 Sinti and Roma in the German Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, who were murdered by the SS on that night in 1944 despite their fierce resistance. In memory of all 500,000 Sinti and Roma murdered in Nazi-occupied Europe, the European Parliament declared this date the European Holocaust Memorial Day for Sinti and Roma in 2015.

80th anniversary

Further information:

Soon available:

  • Information for Participants
    • How to participate?
  • Information High-level Guests
  • Program
  • Dikh he na bister
  • 1st August
    • Commemoration concert
  • 2nd August
    • commemoration concert
    • Livestream of the commemoration ceremony
    • Commemoration speeches 2024
    • Statements 2024
  • Commemorative Events across Europe and the world, 2024

General information

Testimonies of Holocaust survivors, 2024

Christian Pfeil

Holocaust survivor – United Nations Holocaust Memorial Ceremony January 26, 2024

Commemoration speeches

Symbols of Remembrance

International Conference

“My testimony is for young people”

Passing on Memory for the Future

of Holocaust Remembrance and Education

On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of 2 August 1944

European Holocaust Memorial Day for Roma and Sinti

31st of July – 1st of August 2024

“My testimony is for young people.
You must resist.
You must resist the discrimination, racism and violent evictions.
We, the old ones have lit the flame.
Now, it is up to young people to feed it,
make it grow, and so that we become stronger.
Young people, stand up!
Stay standing, and never fall to your knees!”

Raymond Gurême,
Holocaust survivor and member of the French resistance

Main organizers of the conference:

The commemoration ceremony on 2 August is organized by the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma and the Association of Roma in Poland in cooperation with the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. An international coalition of leading stakeholders in the field is formed to enhance recognition, remembrance and visibility of the Memorial Day. The conference is organized in cooperation with the European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture and the “Dikh He Na Bister” initiative of ternYpe International Roma Youth Network within the European Union and Council of Europe Joint Programme “Roma Holocaust Remembrance and Education – RomaMemory”.

About the international conference

On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of 2 August 1944, the European Holocaust Memorial Day for Roma and Sinti, this international conference addresses recognition, remembrance and education about the Holocaust of Roma and Sinti with a focus on ways to carry survivors’ testimonies into the future and making their voices heard. The conference engages experts, advocates, academics and policymakers in plenary sessions and thematic panels on topics such as the role of testimonies of Roma and Sinti Holocaust survivors and the representation of their voices in spaces of memory as well as transgenerational perspectives on memory. The conference also connects recognition and remembrance of the Roma and Sinti Holocaust with the fight against antigypsyism today, focusing on coalition-building and policy-making, transitional justice processes and educational approaches. The conference aims to foster dialogue, exchange knowledge, and develop strategies to ensure that the experiences of Roma and Sinti Holocaust are remembered, honoured, and integrated into academic, remembrance and educational discourses, contributing to more inclusive, just and respectful societies free of antigypsyism.

Remembrance Archive

Romani Rose

Chairman of the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma

Commemoration in Berlin

Memorial to the Sinti and Roma of Europe murdered under National Socialism, Berlin (DE), 2 August 2020, 21:00 CET

Gerda Pohl - Holocaust survivor

Commemoration speech on the occasion of 2 August 2023, Holocaust Memorial Day for Sinti and Roma

Play Video

Find further statements of Roma and Sinti testimonies and survivors of the Holocaust here: https://www.roma-sinti-holocaust-memorial-day.eu/ 

History

of the Holocaust of Sinti and Roma

Holocaust of Sinti and Roma

Block 13 exhibition

Block 13

The permanent exhibition at Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum

The Block 13 exhibition on the genocide of Sinti and Roma at Auschwitz-Museum

This video presents the context of the permanent exhibition on the genocide of Sinti and Roma in Nazi occupied Europe, which is based in Block 13 at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. The video shows how the exhibition highlights – through a unique collection of family photos and documents – a normality of every-day life between neighbours in various European states. The exhibition illustrates how this normality was gradually destroyed by the Nazi regime. On the basis of racial ideology, Sinti and Roma, just like the Jews, were gradually disenfranchised, deprived of their livelihoods and finally deported to the extermination camps. 500,000 Sinti and Roma were murdered in Nazi occupied Europe. 

Read more >>

Recognition

of the Holocaust of Sinti and Roma

2015 the European Parliament recognized 2 August as European Roma Holocaust Memorial Day

April 15, 2015 marked a historical moment. The European Parliament voted with an overwhelming majority to finally adopt a resolution which recognizes “the historical fact of the genocide of Roma that took place during World War II” and concludes “that a European day should be dedicated to commemorating the victims of the genocide of the Roma during World War II.”

Of huge importance is the fact that this resolution also “underlines the need to combat anti-Gypsyism at every level and by every means, and stresses that this phenomenon is an especially persistent, violent, recurrent and commonplace form of racism.”

Find out more >>

Education

Education and Youth Activism

Dikh He Na Bister! - Roma Genocide Youth Remembrance Initiative

DIKH HE NA BISTER (“Look and don’t forget” in Romani) – the Roma Genocide Remembrance Initiative mobilizes each year thousands of young Roma and non-Roma all over Europe on the occasion of the 2 August – the European Roma Holocaust Memorial Day – to advance remembrance, recognition and education about the Roma Genocide.

 

DIKH HE NA BISTER is a space of learning about the past, as well as of reflection about the role of young people in Holocaust remembrance. The initiative creates a dialogue and personal encounter of young people with Holocaust survivors. Their testimonies inspire the participants to address and resist against current challenges of antigypsyism, and other forms of racism in Europe today.

 

Remembrance through Culture

Music for Remembrance

Art and Poetry

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